Changes made by the client after the original files have been submitted. These are usually considered an additional cost to the client.
A low resolution proof either one color or 4 color showing page layout and trim. Bluelines are not representative of final color or quality. These paged proofs are also referred to as ozalids or content proofs.
A sample of the actual ink that is to be printed. Most commonly used for pantone (PMS) colors.
A prototype that is made from the materials quoted which represents the final product. Dummy books made at Friesens are handbound whereas dummy books made at Huaxin are machine bound.
Hi-Res or Digital Proof
A high resolution color proof showing the approximate color and quality of photographs and 4-color printing. PMS colors are simulated in this process through the use of CMYK colors. Hi-resolution proofs include Kodaks, Epsons, and Fuji proofs. Both Friesens and Huaxin use Epson hi-resolution proofs.
F&G’s (Folded and Gathered Signatures)
Printed, folded, and collated signatures prior to binding.
A blank dummy wrapped using press proofs to check design placement.
For overseas production, press proofs are often run on a single color hand press (see Wet Proof). These can, at times, be problematic due to variations in ink densities. Press proofs can be run on a live printing press at a much higher cost with both domestic and overseas printers which will render an accurate reproduction of the final printed sheet.
A production case cover, stamped or printed, sent for approval prior to final casebinding.
A proof made on a proofing press using the ink and paper specified for the job. Wet proofs normally apply to overseas print jobs and are generated on a hand cranked proof press; not a live printing press.